The schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders refer to a group of psychiatric conditions that significantly impact an individual’s ability to think, feel, and behave. Often individuals diagnosed with these disorders develop beliefs and practice behaviors that are not aligned with reality.
Examples of common psychotic disorders include:
- Brief psychotic disorder
- Delusion disorder
- Schizoaffective disorder
- Schizophreniform disorder
- Shared psychotic disorder
- Substance-induced psychotic disorder
Individuals with psychotic disorders typically begin to display symptoms in their late adolescence and early adulthood. Common symptoms of psychotic disorders may include:
- Abnormal behavior
- Disorganized thinking/speech
- Inability to express emotions
- Loss of interest and detachment
- Mood swings
When symptoms become severe, individuals may have difficulty staying in touch with reality and become unable to handle daily life.
The cause of these conditions can be unknown, however, there are common factors that are associated with psychotic disorders. Stress, substance abuse, major life changes, and other mental health conditions may control their ability to think, communicate, and respond.
Treatment for most psychotic disorders is a combination of medication and psychotherapy. Antipsychotics are not a cure but are effective in managing symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, and cognitive difficulties. Psychotherapy can include individual, group, and family therapy to teach patients how to help manage symptoms and interact with others and their environment in more appropriate and positive manners.
For more information on psychotic disorders and our treatment options, or to schedule an appointment, contact our office today.