Neurodevelopmental disorders refer to a group of mental health conditions that affect how the brain develops and functions.
Common neurodevelopmental disorders include:
- Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Developmental Coordination Disorders
- Specific Learning Disorders
- Speech and Language Disorders
- Tourette Syndrome
There is great diversity in neuro-developmental disorders as some conditions may not impact an individual’s ability to have an independent life, while conditions create significant impacts causing the individual to need lifelong assistance.
For a majority of cases, individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders often begin to display symptoms in early childhood. However, some conditions may not display obvious symptoms until adolescence. Symptoms and signs of neurodevelopmental disorders will vary depending on the specific disorder.
Neuro-developmental disorders are most often the result of complex genetic and environmental factors that can impact brain development such as genetics and prenatal and perinatal factors. neuro-developmental disorders may also be caused by traumatic brain injuries or the result of severe infections after birth.
Treatment for neurodevelopmental disorders will vary depending on the type of disorder and dominant symptoms of the individual. Common treatment options include cognitive behavioral therapy and neuropsychological rehabilitation. Treatment may also focus on counseling, coaching, and group support programs. Medication may also be prescribed to help manage symptoms such as anxiety, hyperactivity, and tics.
For more information on neurodevelopmental disorder treatments or to schedule an appointment, contact our office today.